• Development is the sum of two processes: growth and differentiation. development. Plant’s growth and development are under the control of two sets of internal factors. Mild stresses such as shoot bending and water stress may also promote flower-bud development. Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,000–12,000 years ago. • During the process of development, a complex body organisation is formed that produces roots, leaves, … Producing annual crops of high-quality fruit requires a balance between reproductive and vegetative growth. Physical Damage Affects ; Respiration, ethylene production, ripening, and other ; metabolic processes. Fruit producers use various techniques, including pruning, branch bending, and plant growth-regulator sprays, to manipulate tree growth … Causes the greatest amount of loss to fresh horticultural products. The varieties of crops are available in the Horticulture section with wide range of uses. 32 Physical Damage. 5. Improving on-farm crop diversity through horticulture increases the likelihood that a family will diversify their diet Nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are necessary for optimal mental and physical growth throughout development … Nutritional factors such as the supply of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and others constitute the raw materials required for growth… Growth of crops, plants or plant parts is defined as the irreversible increase in size whereas development is the continuous change in plant form and function with characteristic transition phases. Use Of Growth Regulators In Horticultural Crops PPT Presentation Summary : Next End Plant hormone It has been defined as organic substance produced naturally in the higher plants, controlling growth or … Growth is primarily associated with capture and allocation of resources whereas development … Horticultural and Pastoral Societies. Horticulture crops are suitable for small and marginal farmers. In horticultural societies, people use hoes and other simple hand tools to raise crops… Horticultural plants improve environment by reducing pollution, conserves soil and water and improve socio-economic status of the farmer. Pathogen growth … 6. Gain fundamental knowledge of plant growth and development of horticultural crops from a micro- to macro- level starting at double fertilization through fruit growth – covering seed-to-seed. Horticulture Science Lesson 1 Understanding Horticulture - The area of horticulture that involves the production of vegetable food crops is olericulture. Olericulture includes the planting, … 4. Scope of Horticultural crops … The last section specifically examines how environmental factors affect growth and development… Horticultural crops worth many billions of dollars are seriously damaged or destroyed annually by pests, drought, floods, wind storms, and freezes. 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