Name: Leopard Seal, Sea Leopard (Hydrurga leptonyx). Leopard seals are largely solitary creatures that live and hunt on their own. They also appear to have a higher concentration of oxygen-storing molecules in their blood. Over this base color, leopard seals are dappled with gray or black spots. They seem to have unique behaviors and rituals associated with certain stylized vocalizations and sounds.Over millions of years of evolution, these seals have acquired specific adaptations to help it cope with the harsh realities of its cold marine environment. Leopard seals are extremely large animals. 860 pounds. They often compete with each other to acquire food, but they can sometimes cooperate to take down prey as well. The reproductive habits of the leopard seal remain something of a mystery to biologists. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? When did organ music become associated with baseball? Their front flippers, which are relatively large in relation to body size, allow them to steer with incredible agility and precision in the water, while their hind flippers provide speed and locomotion with a side-to-side stroke. Leopard seal feeding behavior is most easily seen when preying on penguins. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! Most of this time is spent on the ice floes, where the pup is mostly safe and secure from potential carnivores. They are regularly seen around New Zealand. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? The neck is a lighter grey and patterned with black spots. Conservation status: Least Concern. The thick layer of blubber provides special insulation from the frigid waters. A typical female is about 12 feet long and weighs up to 1,100 pounds. The world's most aggressive seal species! The leopard seal is earless, about 10 to 12 feet long (females slightly larger than males), weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds, and always seems to be smiling because the edges of its mouth curl upward. Main Characteristics Leopard Seals have a fearsome reputation and they are the top predators in the Antarctic waters. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx) is easily identified by its long slim body and comparatively large fore-flippers. Although leopard seals have small claws on their flippers, it’s actually their big teeth that allow them to kill and consume larger prey. Leopard Seals belong to the class Mammalia. The leopard seal is considered to be an apex predator that has few other natural predators in the wild. Leopard seals are earless seals. Phocids include the harbor seal and Hawaiian monk seal. Some species (not necessarily leopard seals) are kept in captivity to entertain and educate people about marine life. The diet of a particular Leopard Seal depends on its size. This week ONLY! Diet: Penguins, other species of seal, krill, squid, fish. Weight: 200–600 kg. They have a body length between 2.5 and 3.2 m (8.25 - 10 ft) and they weigh between 200 and 455 Kgs (440 - 1,000 lbs). That’s about as heavy as a grand piano. But seabirds aren’t the only large animals on their menu. However, the species has been sighted as far afield as South America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Unlike true seals, they have external ear flaps. The only seal that feeds on penguins, young seals, and other warm-blooded prey, the leopard seal is a slender animal with a relatively long head and long, three-cusped cheek teeth. This distinguishes them from the eared seals of the family Otariidae. Leopard Seals live in cold waters in the southern hemisphere. Their head and snout are a little small, although they have a relativelylong neck. However, the male does not stick around for the birth of the child. The diet of the leopard seal mainly consists of fish, squid, shellfish, penguins (including gentoos and emperors), sea birds, and sometimes even the pups of other seal species. In what type of habitat do Leopard Seals live? WEIGHT. These clever creatures will hunt the seal either alone or in packs by deploying intelligent strategies to corner and consume them. November 12th is celebrated as National Pizza with the Works Except Anchovies Day, One of the rarest species of seal on Earth, What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? Crabeater weddell leopard. Weight: Up to 840 lbs (380 kg) The leopard seal is named for its black-spotted coat. The leopard seal lives in the cold waters surrounding the Antarctic continent. Weight 200-591kg (440-1,300lbs) Leopard Seal Images. These seals are characterized by beinglarge and very voluptuous in terms of muscles, and their skin color may vary but they are mostly dark gray in the upper part of their body, while their abdomen is light gray with dark or black spotswhich resemble the spots that leopards have. Their bodies are long and slender and their heads appear to be almost a little too large for their thin serpent like bodies. The larger group of seals, the Pinnipeds, also includes sea lions and walruses. Leopard seals feast on fish, squid, shellfish, penguins, sea birds, and smaller seals. The leopard seal has a distinctively long and muscular body shape when compared to other seals, but it is perhaps best known for its reptilian-like head and massive jaws which are enormous for its body size and which allow it to be one of the top predators in its environment. Because it is difficult to access the frigid environments of the Antarctic, actual leopard seal mating has almost never been observed directly. Leopard Seals belong to the Kingdom Animalia. However, few people have ever seen one up close, since direct contact with humans is rare and fleeting. The newborn seal is called a pup, and only a single one is born at a time. What date do new members of congress take office? Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The Leopard Seal Hydrurga leptonyx. Leopard Seals belong to the order Carnivora. Compared to Other Seals. The leopard seal’s disproportionately large head, massive jaws, impressive teeth and tremendous gape give it a snake-like appearance. The captured bird is thrashed about on the water until its skin peels away. They seem to have an innate ability to perform limited tasks and follow commands. They have a color gradient that shifts from white on their underside, to dark gray on their backs. They usually stay within a few hundred feet of the surface.Although the leopard seal species has not been thoroughly studied, it is generally understood that seals (even the solitary species) are playful, smart, and inquisitive creatures. However, leopard seals are very clumsy creatures on the land. The leopard seal is large, but smaller than the elephant seal and walrus. Despite this, they are protected by international conventions against hunting. A male leopard seal is about three meters long and 300 kilograms in weight – and the weight of a female leopard can reach half a ton. However, as the name implies, it is far more leopard than seal in temperament. Their only sustained contact with other seals throughout the year is during the mating season. In order to better deal with water pressure, leopard seals can collapse their lungs before diving underneath the water. Just like the cetaceans, leopard seals can go a long amount of time between breaths of oxygen. Leopard Seals belong to the genus Hydrurga. With their sharp teeth, claws, and big powerful jaws, these carnivores have rightly earned a reputation as one of the fiercest predators of the sea. These seals lack an external ear flap. One quarter of the way along the body is a flipper on each side of the body. They are very strong animals and they tend to take over the areas where they reside. All Rights Reserved. Location: The Antarctic plus southern hemisphere shorelines. Clumsy on land but graceful in the sea, the leopard seal is a finely skilled predator that thrives in the frigid waters of Antarctica. If the ice of the Antarctic melts or dissipates, then it will disrupt the seal’s breeding patterns. Few predators have a more ferocious (or well earned) reputation than Antarctica’s leopard seals. IUCN claims that there are at least 35,000 individuals in the wild, but this may be an undercount. Leopard seals sense the surrounding environment with their short whiskers. However, on average, it weighs around 840 pounds. The pup must learn quickly to swim and hunt because it will begin to live on its own shortly after being weaned. … Leopard seals can live up to 26 years in the wild. Their diet can change based on the seasons and the availability of food. 70% off with coupon code LOVEANIMALS. Click through all of our Leopard Seal images in the gallery. Leopard Seals belong to the phylum Chordata. Stats: Weight: 440 - 1,320 lbs (0.20 - 0.60 tons) Length: 7.9 - 11.5 ft (2.4 - 3.5 m) Diet: Other seals, penguins, fish, and squid; Status: Lower risk; Distribution: Leopard Seal Range Species Fact: Like their feline namesakes, leopard seals are fierce predators. The largest is the male elephant seal (genus Mirounga leonina) of coastal California (including Baja California, Mexico) and South America, which can reach a length of 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of 3,700 kg (8,150 pounds). Covered in a thin coat of fur, this species can be identified by the dark gray or black colors on the head and back and the white or light gray around the belly. Clumsy on land but graceful in the sea, the leopard seal is a finely skilled predator that thrives in the frigid waters of Antarctica. Other Name(s): Sea leopard Scientific Name: Hydrurga leptonyx Type of Animal: Mammal Animal Family: Phocidae (the earless, or ‘true seal’ family) Where Found: Mainly along the Antarctic coast Life Span: Up to 26 years Length: 2.4-3.5m (7.9-11.6ft) Weight: 200-600kgs (440-1,320lbs) … Otariids, also known as eared seals, include sea lions and fur seals such as the Steller sea lion and the northern fur seal. The baby seals weigh It also belongs to the family of Phocidae, meaning the earless or true seals. However, due to its sheer size and strength, a person would not want to antagonize or provoke the creature. With few natural predators and plenty of food, the leopard seal has tamed one of the most inhospitable environments on the planet. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. This week ONLY. The overall length of this seal is 2.4-3.5 m (7.9-11.7 ft) and weight is from 200 to 600 kilograms (440 to 1,300 lb). The leopard seal is the largest of the four Antarctic seal species. Their weight is from 200 to 600 kilograms (440 to 1,320 pounds). However, the loss of Antarctic sea ice could pose a potential threat in the future by interrupting their breeding behavior. Check Also: 10 Facts about Lemon Sharks. Their lives revolve around fidelity to the pack ice and nearby islands. Facts about Leopard Seals 2: the male and female leopard seals. In colour, the leopard seal shades from almost black to almost blue on the flanks. They must force themselves forward by wriggling on their bellies and pulling their bodies up.Fortunately, their cumbersome movement on land is not much of a hindrance. The remaining carcass is then eaten. LENGTH. Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can grow up to 590 kg (1,300 pounds) and 3.8m meters (10 feet) long. It is an extremely aggressive predator, the bane of Kairuku out on the ice floes and a surprising threat to walruses. Due to the difficulty of surveying the Antarctic region, it is difficult to estimate precisely how many leopard seals are alive in the world. Females are larger than males. #10 Smartest Animal on Earth: Raccoon Raccoon Reaches For Flower Raccoons may gravitate to the garbage, but they’re also super smart. The leopard seal is most closely related to the Weddell seal, the crabeater seal, and the Ross seal, all of which live in the Antarctic.These seals are actually a type of Carnivora — an order of mammals to which cats, dogs, and bears belong. They have evolved specialized teeth that can strain out tiny prey from the surrounding water as they move. The females are larger than the males, but the male individuals still quite large compared to other types of seals. Leopard seals have the weight of 440 to 1,320 lb or 200 to 600 kg. Biologists have been able to determine the last meal of a seal by analyzing the chemical composition of the whiskers. The leopard seal can grow from a length range of 7.9 to 11.5 feet and a weight range of 440 to 1,320 pounds. The body of male and female leopard seals is in different size. He usually departed following the end of the mating cycle.Female leopard seals have a lengthy gestation period that lasts until around October or November (around ten months). Polar bears are far too large and dangerous for any creature (especially a solitary one like the leopard seal) to take on. Despite its solitary nature, the leopard seal is nevertheless a highly vocal species. Facts about Leopard Seals 3: the weight and length. The leopard seal lives exclusively around the waters of Antarctica. An average weight for a leopard seal is between 200 and 600kg (440 and 1,320lb). This seal is sometimes called the sea leopard, and the resemblance is more than skin deep. However, climate change over the long term could pose a risk to the habitat on which the species relies for its survival. Their bodies are shaped as smoothly as possible to minimize drag in the sea. It measured 262 cm (8 ft 7 in). However, one of them is the killer whale. A typical male is about 10 feet long and weighs more than 600 pounds. The scientific name of the leopard seal is Hydrurga leptonyx. 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