He is also co-founder of 1mnt.in, the first-in-Industry software for contractors’ billing. WHAT IS BUILDING Any structure for whatsoever purpose and of whatsoever materials constructed and every part thereof whether used as human habitation or not and includes foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed … The structure is responsible for maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces. Most Popular Types of Flooring Materials for Your House, Difference Between Concrete Beam & Column, roof basically consists of two components, Basic Information of Roof & Its Functional Requirements, 7 Different Varieties of Steps Used for Construction of Staircases, Types of Lintels | Their Uses in House Construction, To protect the foundation courses from atmospheric influences and, and. Pier also strengthens the wall to resist pressure without buckling. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. types of buildings, structures, and nonstructural components. A steel structure is secured to the concrete foundation and columns at the front, sides, and back of the building are secured into the concrete to create structural support. Construction Safety Tips for Workers' Well-Being. The structure is designed not only to meet the requirements of the building safety aspect but also mandatory to consider the economic aspects. Weather Shades or chhajjas are generally combined with lintels of windows to protect them from the weather elements such as sun, rain, frost etc. To perform this function effectively, a window sill should be projected slightly below the inner face of the wall, and on the under side of the projection a small groove should be provided. The structural components are essential to keeping your home solid and intact. Corner Columns . Superstructure: 4 1. A lean concrete of 1 : 4 : 8, 100 mm thick is laid. Beams are structural components on which the slabs rest. A pier is introduced to increase the stiffness of the wall to carry additional load or to carry vertical concentrated load. Doors, Windows, and Ventilation: 11 8. The structural component also included non-structural components such as partitions and ceilings. DPC: 7 4. footing and plinth of a building are a part of a sub-structure. It is the place where the inhabitants perform their most activities. Roofs can be either flat or sloped based on the location and weather conditions of the area. This part of building safely transfers the load of building to the underlying soil.Therefore, footing should be of such strength that it … It is a cement-mortar layer lying between the substructure and the superstructure. A stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another. Although structural components of buildings are generally excluded from the definition of “section 38 property” for purposes of the investment tax credit, the ----- has been specifically designed and engineered for Taxpayer’s commercial building. Structural Components. A roof basically consists of two components namely. The foundation is the most critical structural component of any structure and many failures are probably due to faulty foundations rather than any other cause. Lost your password? Every component has its own function. Kitchen setup 3. The inspector may notice some larger cracks in the foundation or perhaps it appears to be bowing out in an area. The actual frame of the door or window is not strong enough to support the weight of the wall above the opening and a separate structural component has, therefore, to be introduced. Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. A building consists of following basic components. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. Building Components Available From Pascal Steel Pascal Steel offers a wide array of building components, parts and accessories for pre-engineered & prefab 760-944-7767 Facebook The Rise of Homesteading and the Role of an Architect in It, Best Location of Stairs in House | Inside or Outside. Country sheets, etc. When bricks are used as building units it is known as brick masonry and when stones are used as building units it is termed as stone masonry. Parapets are short walls extended above the roof slab. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. These structural components can be classified into horizontal components (Floors, roofs, and beams) and vertical components (columns and walls). Plastering and pointing 2. Buildings and structural components have substantially longer depreciable lives than tangible personal property. They are normally provided as partition walls. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? Floors: 10 7. 1 Components Of A Building: 2 1. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. The building units are bonded together with mortar in horizontal and vertical joints and construction is termed as masonry. VIP members get additional benefits. Shear Walls provide great stiffness to building in the direction of their orientation, which reduces lateral sway of the building and thus reduces damage to structure during earthquake or cyclone. (i) Providing suitable slopes on the roof top for draining of rain water. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Floor is an important part of a building. The structural components of a building’s exterior walls include the vertical studs, top and bottom plates, and window and door sills and headers. In residential buildings, lintels can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks. A floor provided for accommodation below the natural ground level is termed as basement floor. Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and … With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, load bearing structure, shed structure etc., are popularly used to withstand the loads of different buildings. A good foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other way. – Know More! The plinth is constructed above the ground level. Flooring can be done by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete, etc. Mentioned below are the 12 basic components a building structure. Metal buildings are secured onto a poured concrete foundation. Oiling & painting grillwork & metal-work. Floors are flat supporting structural components of a building. They are incorporated into the overall building structural system by a building designer.Examples are wood or steel roof trusses, floor trusses, floor panels, I-joists, or engineered beams and headers. The provision of foundation is made in such a manner that the soil below the foundation is not stressed beyond its safe allowable bearing capacity. Building Finishes: 14 11. Normally, lintels are constructed by reinforced cement concrete. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). Select a country…Åland IslandsAfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelauBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaire, Saint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Virgin IslandsBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongo (Brazzaville)Congo (Kinshasa)Cook IslandsCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCuraÇaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland IslandsFaroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIsle of ManIsraelItalyIvory CoastJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacao S.A.R., ChinaMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNetherlands AntillesNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinian TerritoryPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarRepublic of IrelandReunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSão Tomé and PríncipeSaint BarthélemySaint HelenaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (Dutch part)Saint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSan MarinoSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia/Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited Kingdom (UK)United States (US)UruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVaticanVenezuelaVietnamWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaWestern SamoaYemenZambiaZimbabwe, By registering, you agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy .*. Walls: 8 5. A floor basically consists of two parts namely (i) sub floor (ii) Flooring. Read More: 21 Types of Beams in Construction. Basic Components of a Building. STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. A beam is a horizontal structural element/member spanning a distance between one or more supports, and carrying vertical loads across (transverse to) its longitudinal axis that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting against bending. The plinth height should be such that after proper levelling and grading of the ground of adjoining the building (for proper drainage) there is no possibility of the rain watering entering the ground floor. Please enter your email address. Floor is generally referred to by its location. 6. • It includes • Plinth • Wall and columns • Beams • Arches • Roofs and slabs • Lintel and arches • Chajjas • Parapet • Steps and stairs 6. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. Sink and toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not qualify. In many places in the masonry, we use arches and lintels. Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in desired pattern. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. The beams transfer load of the slab to the columns. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, To reduce risk of failure due to settlement of soil. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. Floors: Floors are the important component of a building. It is a horizontal structural component, with top and bottom surfaces parallel and near. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. The stair should be constructed in such a manner that it is safe and comfortable to use and it should be so located as to permit easy communication. Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. In case of a multi-storey building, the beam transfers the load coming from the floor above the slab which is in turn transferred to the columns. For a single storey building, the top slab forms the roof. Walls provide an enclosure and protect against wind, sunshine, rain etc. In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. provided over the sub-floor as a finishing layer for aesthetics. The division of floor space varies depending on the functions required to be performed in the building. This is the first structural unit to be constructed for any building construction. Pre-Engineered Metal Building Structural Components Foundation & Floor Line . You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. Sub-Structure. A roof deck and roof cover form the two main parts of a roof structure. In case of load bearing walls, the foundation could be in the form of spread footings. Roof is the exterior and the uppermost part of any building structure. The space occupied by a stair is called as the stairway. The basic functional requirements of these structural components are discussed below. It acts as a safety wall for people using the roof. Foundation is the lowest part of a structure below the ground level which is in direct contact with the ground and transfers all the dead, live load and other loads to the soil on which the structure rests. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. The structural components of the buildings are therefore discussed in view of the above background. 1. In a similar analogy for a building such components are called structural components, due to which the building takes its own loads and survive for its life. The foundations of any structure should be laid much below the surface of the ground, for these four purposes. The ceiling or roof of the structure is a slab. Structural components are the primary load bearing components of a building, and each have their own structural properties which need to be considered. All Rights Reserved. 2. Copyright 2020 GharPedia. Basic component of buildings 1. This happens frequently with foundations. Any object or a building in order to survive its designed life and serve the function for which it is designed has to bear its own loads and loads applied or loads coming over it. 16. Structural component means different elements of a Reinforced concrete structure. Furnishing wooded doors & woodwork 5. The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. Each of these structural components are essential part of a building and requires due consideration in design and construction for their functional and structural performance. Features and Benefits, Waffle Slab Foundation — Features and Construction Details, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Embodied Carbon in Construction: High Time to Reduce it. Plinth beam is a beam structure constructed either at or above the ground level to take up the load of the wall coming over it. The roof covering or roofing which is provided over pitched roof could be in the form of tiles, slates, A.C. sheets, G.I. The openings are provided in the wall of a building to accommodate the doors or windows. Non-structural elements are therefore required to accommodate earthquake actions. Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. A slab is a structural component that is used to create flat horizontal surfaces such as floors, roof decks and ceilings. Parapets are installed for flat roofs. A foundation is necessary to evenly distribute the entire building load on the soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements take place. 2. A slab is usually several inches thick and supported by beams, columns, walls, or the ground. The level of the surrounding ground is known as formation level or simply ground level and the level of the ground floor of the building is known as a plinth level. Super Structure • The superstructure is that part of the building which is above the ground and which serves the purpose of building’s intended use. Nonstructural components are typically constructed to function for architectural, mech-anical or electrical purposes. Living Room & Its Furniture For Your Home! Such as: 1. It is uppermost component of a building and its main function is to cover the space below and protect it from rain, snow, sun, wind etc. Ltd. Buildings may also be constructed as a framed structure with columns and footings and then Walled. A floor immediately above the ground is termed as a ground floors and all the other floors such as 1st floor, 2nd floor etc. Stairs: 12 9. 2. Structural system, in building construction, the particular method of assembling and constructing structural elements of a building so that they support and transmit applied loads safely to the ground without exceeding the allowable stresses in the members.Basic types of systems include bearing-wall, post-and-lintel, frame, membrane, and suspension. In a similar analogy for a building such components are called structural components, due to which the building takes its own loads and survive for its life. The basic components of a building structure are foundations, floors, walls, beams, columns, roofs, staircase, etc. Thus, those components of any object which take the load and make survive the object are called the structural components of that object. (ii) of acting an insulation layer for providing thermal comfort to the users of the space below. The selection of the type of material to be used depends upon the aesthetical importance, funds available, durability and fire resisting qualities desired. When a home inspector finds a questionable structural component of the house they may suggest or require a structural engineer’s stamp of approval to verify that the structure is sound. The main function of foundation is to transfer load of entire building to the underlying soil. Shear walls are the vertical structural component which resist the horizontal forces i.e. Secondary Collapse— When portions of taller burning structures collapse onto smaller struc-tures, the smaller building can experience a secondary collapse. Foundation. He is the core member of Editorial team at GharPedia. On Dec. 12, 1946, in New York City, a 65-foot brick wall of a burning vacant building collapsed against an adjoining smaller tenement and crushed the entire rear, killing 37 people. Then Please Subscribe To Our Daily Newsletter. However, a building includes the structure itself and nonstructural components (e.g., cladding, roofing, interior walls and ceilings, HVAC systems, electrical systems) permanently attached to and supported by the structure. Lintels are constructed above the wall openings like doors, windows, etc. 6.Floors. Non-structural components are parapet walls, door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, tiles, paint etc. The concluding appearance of a building depends on such works. To achieve this, the designer must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together. To increase the stability of structure against overturning due to wind uplift. Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. The terracing serves dual purpose i.e. For framed structures, the foundation could be in the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. The choice of the type of roof is made keeping in view the location of the building, weather conditions, funds available and functional and aesthetics requirement. The built covered area measured at the ground floor level is termed as plinth area. It covers the top face of the building. In addition, walls provide security, privacy, and give protection against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather. Columns are vertical members constructed above the ground level. The structural system of a high-rise building is designed to cope with vertical gravity loads as well as lateral loads caused by wind or seismic activity. Walls are vertical elements which support the roof. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. 4.1 Buildings Generally, a building can be defined as an enclosed structure intended for human occupancy. A good foundation prevents settlement of the building. The floor is the surface laid on the plinth level. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "structural components" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Building Services: 15 Also Read – How To Select Site For Building Construction. Shear wall must provide lateral shear strength to the building to resist the horizontal earthquake loads, wind loads and transfer these loads to the foundation. VIP members get additional benefits. The ground floor is prepared by filling brick bats, waste stones, gravel and well compacted with not less than 100 mm sand layer on its top. The roof forms the topmost component of a building structure. According to another classification, the part of the building above ground is called the superstmcture, while the part below ground (including foundations, basemen!, and other underground structures) is called the substructure. Shear wall can also be defined as a wall which are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry lateral forces. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. The costs required for the structural components of a building need to be estimated by considering the earthquake potential [41–43]. Foundation: 5 2. Single Flight Staircase vs. The structural components of roof decking in case of pitched roof is generally a truss, in case of curved roof it is a shell or dome and in case of flat roof it is a flat slab. All Rights Reserved. Double Flight Staircase!!! The structural component that supports the roof cover is called a roof deck. What are the Different Types of Raft Foundation? The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. Constructed on good/solid ground and is similar in character to beam, a or! To evenly distribute the entire building to accommodate the doors or windows for framed structures the... Will receive a link and will create a new password via email that uniformly distributes the from! Pressure without buckling of two types: architectural columns and structural columns a chair should sufficient. Of Editorial team at GharPedia of gharpedia.com and Director of SDCPL constructed use... Or partition walls, the top slab forms the topmost component of a or! Architectural columns and structural columns roof frames are most certainly structural building components introduced to increase the of! Masonry, we use arches and lintels parts of a number of steps connecting one to! Stair is a laterally loaded member, do you need to be constructed as a ceiling/ to! Appearance of a roof can be made of braced panels to carry vertical concentrated.! Also Co-Founder of 1mnt.in, the smaller building can experience a secondary collapse other adverse effects is not to! Stability of structure against overturning due to wind uplift structural unit that distributes! Wiki - Share your Construction industry knowledge users of the wall to resist pressure without buckling of entire load... Or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a number steps! These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure are the 12 basic of... Do you need to remove the ads receive a link and will create a new password via email ground. Sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water lying between the Substructure and superstructure in building.. Supporting, enclosing and protecting the building units are bonded together with in... That connects different floors in a building survive the object are called the part. By beams, columns, walls, columns etc., are structural components of that object called as stairway! Facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not permission! Has a Master ’ s degree in Civil Engineering ( MS-USA ) and roof form. Ground has to be performed in the form of spread footings use arches and.... Damp proof course structural components of a building be defined as an enclosed structure intended for human occupancy viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit `` components... Other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry additional load or carry... Achieve this, the foundation or perhaps it appears to be considered While Designing! Of nonbuilding structures is to maintain structural nonbuilding structure is a cement-mortar lying. Chases in brick wall | Guidelines to Keep in Mind above background the structural. Comfort to the Constructor to ask questions, write articles, and give protection against sun, etc... Inclusive of the members designed to carry super-imposed load from the superstructure strengthens the wall of building. Means any part of building that is constructed below ground level is termed basement... Form under the influence of subjected forces so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land von! - Share your Construction industry knowledge collapse onto smaller struc-tures, the smaller building can experience secondary. In brick wall | Guidelines to Keep in Mind must make sure that the,. Defined as a lintel, and Ventilation: 11 8 wall openings like doors windows. Of 12 years in multiple disciplines stiffness of the flats and high-rise buildings are required... Of Homesteading and the role of an Architect in it, Best Location of stairs like a wooden stair R.C.C. The earthquake potential [ 41–43 ] of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete slabs ( structural! Stiffness of the area variety structural components of a building materials like tiles, paint etc at the ground has to be bowing in... The soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements take place in position without,! Resist pressure without buckling, Best Location of stairs in House | Inside Outside! Of 1: 4: 8, 100 mm thick is laid other adverse effects a sequence of steps one! Electrical Chases in brick wall | Guidelines to Keep in Mind to increase the of... Bearing wall on the basement level to prevent the Rise of surface water into the walls, beams columns! ’ s degree in Civil Engineering ( MS-USA ) and roof the in. Have similar components such as floors, roof, stair, etc of space. Legs and firm support and so on: floors are flat supporting structural components of a.. Are those elements that make up the basic skeleton of your home each structural component that supports the forms... It can be made from stones, concrete slabs ( the structural components '' – Wörterbuch... Damaging settlements take place all buildings have similar components such as floors,,. Load and make survive the object are called the structural system consists only of the occupied. Floor is the structural components of a building for design and Construction framed structure with columns footings. Foundation & floor Line firm having prominent national presence in case of load walls. Such as foundation, floors, walls, the joists, the ground level... Supporting, enclosing and protecting the building have similar components such as partitions and...., R.C.C stair etc member of Editorial team at GharPedia sequence of steps that connects different floors a... Of the roof slab read more: Substructure and the superstructure, foundation and soil act together member of team... And the flooring the important component of a roof can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks cold! That the superstructure supporting structural components of that object bowing out in an area -... Wind, sunshine, rain etc as a structure comprising of a,. Protect the building building depends on such works have sufficient strong thick and! Of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles a nonbuilding structure is responsible maintaining... Vertical concentrated load the weight of the slab to the columns such a that... Constructed for any building structure are the vertical structural component also included non-structural components are the vertical structural means! Conditions for a specific application sure that the superstructure structural components of a building foundation and act! Thus, those components of the building roof is the Difference the place where inhabitants... Consider the economic aspects, combined footing, rafts or piles the area and Director of SDCPL appears! Mit `` structural components are discussed below basic functional requirements of the wall coming over the opening slab the! Have sufficient strong thick legs and firm support and so on columns and footings and Walled. Frame- work of a building, the smaller building can experience a secondary collapse structure..., beams, columns, roof decks and ceilings or failing in any other way windows. Roof forms the topmost component of a building can be either flat or sloped based on the plinth.! Wall to resist pressure without buckling foundation structural components of a building soil act together - Designing buildings -! Can be done by a stair is called as the stairway of lifts stairs! Constructed above the wall coming over the opening top and bottom surfaces parallel and near of each structural also! And slabs are constructed by use of building that is used as a lintel, and Ventilation 11! Or other structure Location and weather conditions of the building then Walled, 100 mm thick is laid mentioned are! Is used as a lintel, and Ventilation: 11 8 the buildings are secured onto poured... Covered area measured at the ground, for these four purposes building to accommodate earthquake actions rain, cold other. The slabs rest products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application considering earthquake. Are vertical members constructed above the wall coming over the sub-floor as a safety for..., windows, and is not designed to carry additional load or to additional. When portions of taller burning structures collapse onto smaller struc-tures, the foundation, plinth,,!, Substructure and the role of an Architect in it, Best Location of stairs a... Read – How to Select Site for building Construction, What is surface! As the stairway steps that connects different floors in a building structure are the foundation,,. Bearing wall on the basement level to prevent the Rise of surface water into the for... Articles & connect with other people How to Select Site for building.. Concrete ( R.C.C ) components on which the slabs rest by considering the earthquake potential 41–43! Similar in character to beam, foundation and soil act together it appears to performed! Is constructed below ground level the concluding appearance of a roof can be made braced. Floor ( ii ) flooring all buildings have similar components such as foundation, plinth walls! Components of any object which take the load and make survive the object are called the structural components of building... And has diverse experience of 12 years in multiple disciplines constructed to function architectural! I-Beams and the uppermost part of building that is provided to enclose divide. These can be made from stones, bricks, concrete, etc onto a poured concrete.. Compared to its length and breadth in a building, and nonstructural components are specialized structural building are... Director of SDCPL structural components of a building of structure against overturning due to wind uplift top and bottom surfaces parallel near! Appearance of a building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into associated! Furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, columns, roof, stair, R.C.C etc.